Welcome to Cameroon

by Memorial High

Cameroon has to be one of Africa's best-kept secrets, the sheer power, resilience and

beauty of Cameroon and its peoples is awe inspiring.

Discovered in 1472 by the Portuguese Navigator Fernando Po and subsequently

influenced during it's colonial era by Germany, France and Britain, Cameroon has

managed to blend it's European history with African culture, to give a cosmopolitan feel

to it's cities and towns, while retaining it's original African landscapes and cultures in

rural area's.

Situated close to the equator in West Africa, Cameroon covers an area roughly the size

of France, and is one of the most politically stable and secure countries in Africa,

enjoying a very relaxed atmosphere that manifests itself in the warmth and lifestyle of it's

people who traditionally welcome the few foreign visitors they meet as an honoured


A dramatic country as yet undiscovered by tourism, Cameroon offers an opportunity to

experience parts of Africa virtually unchanged since the early days of exploration. With

an abundance of natural resources, Cameroon also boasts a wealth of ecosystems and

a natural splendour unsurpassed in Africa, from the lush tropical Rain Forests in the

south, to the Sahel Savannah in the north, and from palm fringed deserted beaches to

the majestic mountains and volcano, this country has an incredibly rich blend of

landscapes and cultures providing a unique experience suitable for both the novice and

veteran traveller.Cameroon is one of the most ecologically diverse countries on the

African continent. Between coastal mangrove swamps and Mount Cameroon (4095

metres), west Africa's highest mountain, lies a hot and humid southern region of dense

tropical forests of mahogany, ebony and obeche trees. The central region offers a mix of

evergreen and deciduous trees, and the northern vegetation is principally sahelian

savannah. There are over 9,000 plant species in Cameroon, 150 of which are found

nowhere else in the world. Nearly 300 mammal species are found in the country,

including 29 species of primates. Particularly interesting are the western lowland gorilla

(Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and three endangered monkeys of the Cercopithecus genus, the

Preuss's guenon, the red-tailed guenon, and the red­capped mangabey, and a baboon

native to central African forests, the drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus). Cameroon has one

of Africa's largest protected giraffe populations in its Waza National Park. Other parks

and reserves are home to important buffalo and elephant populations. A small

population of the critically endangered black rhino (Diceros bicornis) also survives

there. Over 800 species of birds, including an endangered partridge, the Mount

Cameroon francolin (Francolinus camerunensis), the Bannerman's crested turaco

(Touraco bannermanni), and banded wattle-eye (Platysteira cyanea), all endemic to

Cameroon, add to the country's biological wealth.

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